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Gradiant 5G Charts

A curated collection of 5G/6G related Helm Charts

Open5GS and srsenb

4G end to end communication demo using hardware equipment with Open5GS and srsRAN.

This setup uses 2 helm charts generated by Gradiant: open5gs and srs-enb. These charts are packaged and available at Gradiant’s DockerHub repo:

If you want to have the repo in local you can pull it:

helm pull oci:// --version 2.0.8
helm pull oci:// --version 0.1.2

Equipment requirements

The following hardware equipment is required in order to replicate the setup used for this tutorial:

It is recommended to keep the UE with the airplane mode turned on until the EPC and RAN have been successfully deployed and connected.

Additional Requirement: ettus-device-plugin Daemonset

You need another prerequisite in your Kubernetes cluster in order to complete this deployment successfully. You will have to deploy an ettus-device-plugin Daemonset that is meant to manage the USRPs as Kubernetes Node Resources and automatically mount them in the corresponding Pods.

Go to, where you will find additional information and where the corresponding Kubernetes manifest is located (ettus-daemonset.yaml). Then, execute the following command in order to create the corresponding Kubernetes resource:

kubectl apply -f

After this is completed, you can rely on Kubernetes to place the device plugin’s Pod onto Nodes, to restart the daemon Pod after failure, and to help automate upgrades.

Deployment EPC and registration of subscriber

First, deploy the EPC (open5gs) using the epc-values.yaml file provided in order to overwrite some of the default values of the Open5GS chart:

helm install open5gs oci:// --version 2.0.8 --values 

These new values will:

It is also important to notice that the first 5 or 6 digits of the IMSI correspond to the MCC (first 3 digits) and MNC (2 or 3 following ones). Therefore, they must match the ones previously configured for the MME as well.

Once this deployment has been completed, the subscriber’s registration can be verified following 2 different approaches:

kubectl exec deployment/open5gs-mongodb -ti -- bash


use open5gs


Deployment RAN

Before installing the corresponding helm chart, make sure of having properly connected your USRP to one of your cluster’s nodes.

Now, deploy the RAN (srs-enb) using the enb-values.yaml file provided in order to overwrite some of the default values of the srs-enb chart:

helm install srs-enb oci:// --version 0.1.2 --values 

Thus, this deployment will launch the eNodeB and connect it to the Open5GS EPC.

It is important to notice that the default values of MCC, MNC, and TAC set for the eNB match those configured in the open5gs chart. Also, take into account that the value given for enb.mme must match the name of the corresponding MME service deployed by the open5gs chart. Therefore, in case you use a differente release name for the open5gs chart, make sure that this value is set accordingly.

Notice as well that the enb-values.yaml configures the srs-enb chart for requiring a USRP hardware resource during its deployment.

Verify EPC and RAN connectivity

Connection between PGW-C and PGW-U (C-Plane and U-Plane of EPC)

Check that the PGW-C (SMF component) gets associated with the PGW-U’s (UPF component) address:

kubectl logs deployment/open5gs-smf -f

Connection between MME and eNodeB

Check that the MME accepts and adds the eNodeB:

kubectl logs deployment/open5gs-mme -f

MME finds eNodeB

Connect UE to the network

Once the EPC and RAN are deployed and successfully connected as shown above, the UE will be able to connect to the network. Make sure that it has de sysmocom USIM with the registered credentials correctly inserted.

Also, check the APN configuration in the UE. It has to be enabled the following APN:

At this point, you can turn off the airplane mode in the UE so it starts attempting to connect to the network.

Verify UE’s connectivity

Check that the eNodeB senses UE’s presence and the UE gets connected to the network:

kubectl logs srs-enb-srs-enb-0 -f

UE connectd to eNodeB

Check that the UE got successfully attached to the network:

kubectl logs deployment/open5gs-mme -f

UE attached to network (MME)

UE attached to network (UE)

We installed and used the PingTools application in the UE in order to test the UE’s connectivity. Open this application and check that UE was assigned an IP address and it is connected to the eNodeB and to the Internet:

UE connected to network

Through the ping section of the app, you can easily test the UE’s connectivity to the Internet:

UE's connectivity

Therefore, the UE’s traffic can be captured in the PGW-U (UPF). The installation of tcpdump in the corresponding pod is needed in order to complete this check:

kubectl exec deployment/open5gs-upf -ti -- bash

apt update && apt install tcpdump

tcpdump -i ogstun

Capturing traffic in the PGW-U

Capturing traffic in the PGW-U (Wireshark)


Clean the deployment for this demo by uninstalling the 2 helm charts previously installed:

helm uninstall srs-enb

helm uninstall open5gs